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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

About:

Autism is a Neurological Development Disorder that limits a person's social and communication skills. It is a biological and chemical imbalance in the brain, and at this time, there is no cure. ASD is one of the 5 pervasive developmental disorders(PDD), which are characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, and severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior. Autism diagnoses are increasing yearly and it is not known if it is due to the increased familiarity with the disease or the environment, which has more toxins in it now than it did 30 years ago. April is Autism Awareness Month, help spread the word.

Causes:

The direct cause of autism is still unknown, although researchers in the field have narrowed down some of the possible causes to Heredity, Genetic mutations, Environmental toxins (like mercury), and certain medical conditions. Some of the medical conditions include Fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, congenital rubella syndrome, and untreated phenylketonuria (PKU).

Symptoms:

Symptoms will start developing in children between 6 months and 3 years. Having any one symptom does not indicate the child has a PDD, but the parent should take their child for a full examination. Some signs are listed below.

Infant symptoms can include the following: Signs in older toddlers can include

Autism is defined as exhibiting at least six symptoms total, including at least two symptoms of impairment in social interaction, at least one symptom of impairment in communication, and at least one symptom of restricted and repetitive behavior.

Other forms of PDD

References:

Information on this page was collected from several sources listed below. There are a lot of informational and support websites that will increase your knowledge on this Disorder, as well as other closely related disorders. Please feel free to visit these pages and read more about ASD and PDD.

Autism References Image Sources
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